Nasal Polyps in Cats

A cat can have serious difficulty breathing if polyps grow in their nose. Proper identification of the causes and timely treatment will help your pet to cope with this problem.

Cats, much like humans, can experience a variety of medical issues, one of which being nasal polyps. These are benign growths that form in the nose or throat of cats, resulting in discomfort and various symptoms.

Possible Causes of Nasal Polyps

Although the veterinary medical community has not yet determined the exact reason for nasal polyps, they have proposed several potential causes. Some of these potential causes include:

  1. Chronic Inflammation: This appears to be the primary factor that is frequently observed. Continued inflammation in a cat’s nose or throat can result in the formation of these abnormal tissues. 
  2. Infections: Nasal polyps can also be caused by ongoing bacterial or viral infections. 
  3. Allergies: Certain allergies in cats may stimulate the development of nasal polyps, according to a few studies, albeit less frequently encountered.
Nasal Polyps in Cats

Identifying Nasal Polyps in Cats

Nasal polyps may not be immediately noticeable, so it is important for veterinary experts to carefully examine a cat to determine their presence. Signs that may indicate the presence of nasal polyps include:

  • Consistent sneezing
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Nasal discharge
  • Changes in voice or loss of voice
  • Difficulty swallowing (if the polyps are in the throat)

Numerous methods for diagnosis, including radiographs, endoscopy, and biopsy, can be utilized to verify the existence of polyps.

Table 1: Symptoms and Diagnostic Methods for Nasal Polyps in Cats

SymptomsDiagnostic Methods
Consistent sneezingRadiographs
Difficulty in breathingEndoscopy
Nasal dischargeBiopsy
Changes in voiceLaboratory testing
Difficulty swallowingVisual examination

Managing and Treating Nasal Polyps in Cats

In order to treat feline nasal polyps, one common approach is to surgically remove them through a procedure called polypectomy. Additionally, antibiotics may be given to address any accompanying bacterial infections. After the surgery, it is important to provide proper post-operative care to ensure the cat recovers well and to keep an eye out for any signs of the polyps returning.


Nasal polyps in cats can be distressing, but with proper veterinary care and intervention, they can be effectively controlled. It is crucial for cat owners to be vigilant about any changes in their cat’s behavior or health and seek immediate advice from a veterinarian. Regular check-ups also play a crucial part in detecting and treating conditions like nasal polyps at an early stage. Being proactive can guarantee that cat owners provide their feline companions with healthier and more joyful lives.

Reyus Mammadli/ author of the article

I have had pets since childhood: cats, guinea pigs, rabbits, geese, chickens, ducks, parrots, aquarium fish and dogs (in the yard). Of course, I constantly encountered diseases of pets and treated them. Glad to be able to share my skills and experience, as well as advice on caring for and adapting these critters and birds.

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