It might be tough to think, however your bird can make you sick. There are several diseases that birds can send to individuals (these are called zoonotic diseases). For your own health, it is necessary to understand the best ways to prevent transmission of these diseases.
Basic hygiene can avoid the majority of the diseases that parrots and people share. If you are diligent about tidying up after your parrot and constantly clean your hands after handling your bird or his bowl and toys, it’s very not likely that you will end up being ill. Obviously, not every bird harbors such infections, but it’s always best to be safe.
The risk of getting a disease from your parrot is generally greatest in individuals who already have chronic diseases, such as the very young, the senior, HIV-infected people, organ-transplant recipients, and individuals receiving chemotherapy. People at threat should talk to both their doctor and their vet about the relative risks of disease transmitted from parrots.
List of Parrot Diseases Transmitted to Humans
The following conditions are a few of the more typical infections brought by parrots:
- Chlamydiosis – Also referred to as Psittacosis, can be transmitted to people. In individuals, the disease triggers flu-like symptoms of fever, chills and headache. If left neglected, Psittacosis can trigger liver and kidney damage and even meningitis. Note: This Chlamydia is not the very same contagious agent that spreads out amongst humans as a sexually transmitted disease.
- Chlamydia infection sends through feces and contagious particles in the air. Treatment for the infection consists of an antibiotic, doxycycline, which physicians and veterinarians utilize in human beings and birds. If you find yourself or other family members coming down with “the flu” and your parrot isn’t really feeling well, it might be Chlamydia; contact your family doctor and your veterinarian.
- Psittacosis causes differing severity of health problem in birds. Some birds are simply providers; this is normal in the cockatiel. Other birds might lose their hunger and become emaciated, depressed and might develop problem in breathing or diarrhea. Without treatment, many birds die from this disease. Diagnosis requires a panel of tests since no single test can properly figure out whether your bird is contaminated. You need to acquire these tests as part of a pre-purchase assessment, specifically if there are medical signs of Psittacosis.
- Bird Tuberculosis – Not typically seen in birds, but transmission to individuals can cause respiratory infections, swelling of lymph nodes below the jaw as well as prevalent disease in people with weakened body immune systems. The disease can spread out through the air or through the feces from contaminated birds. Impacted birds typically have unclear symptoms, such as loss of weight in spite of an excellent appetite, dull plume coloring, boost in urine output, diarrhea and anemia. Diagnostic tests aren’t too trustworthy, but a veterinarian experienced with bird diseases will generally examine the feces for bacteria. Euthanasia of a parrot infected with Mycobacteria is essential due to the prospective danger to human beings.
- Histoplasmosis – A respiratory infection in people who breathe in fungal spores from infected soil or dust. The Histoplasma fungus grows on bird feces, so it’s an issue in structures where big amounts of parrot droppings collect in roosting sites. While this isn’t a huge problem in animal birds, it is sensible not to permit fecal matter to build up to the point that mold can grow on it.
- Cryptococcus – Another fungal infection. Though unusual in parrots, infection can trigger diarrhea, paralysis, nervous-system signs and masses with a gelatinous consistency. Humans can contract this disease when they breathe in the dust from dried droppings (most frequently from pigeons). Infection in individuals can be rather severe leading to meningitis, encephalitis (brain swelling) or respiratory symptoms.
- Allergic Alveolitus – While not truly a zoonotic disease in the sense that it does not affect birds, bird owners can contract Allergic Alveolitus by inhaling particles of bird dander in the air. Allergic Alveolitus likewise passes the names of Pigeon Lung Disease and Parakeet Dander Pneumoconiosis.
- Campylobacteriosis – A bacterial infection that causes gastrointestinal problems. It typically sends through fecal contamination of food and water. While diarrhea, weight reduction, and lethargy prevail, Campylobacteriosis can likewise exist in parrots that show no symptoms of illness.
Although this list is not inclusive, it does note the more common diseases that can pass to people keeping parrots. Great hygiene practices are the best method of prevention!