A periodic sneeze in a cat is normal and no genuine cause for alarm. Just as in human beings, sneezing in felines is an explosive release of air through the nose and mouth – frequently the body’s response to irritants in the nasal passages. Sometimes, enjoyment or movement can bring on sneezing in cats.
Why Is My Cat Sneezing
Nevertheless, if your feline’s sneezing will not disappear, or if other symptoms have actually emerged together with sneezing, you may need to talk to your vet to see if treatment is needed.
Causes of Sneezing
If your cat is sneezing a lot, your vet might initially suspect a cause based on a review of your cat’s symptoms. Among the main causes of sneezing is infection. Sometimes, the vet might take a swab from the mouth, throat, eyes, or nose and send it to a laboratory to verify an infection. Breathed in irritants or irritants are other typical causes of sneezing in cats.
Viral, bacterial, or fungal infections. If you’ve got a sneezing cat, chances ready the feline has an upper respiratory infection. Much like colds in people, these infections are more typical in young cats, especially in those coming from animal shelters. A lot of these infections can be prevented with early and complete vaccinations.
Viral infections that most typically cause sneezing in cats are:
- Feline herpes virus. Felines capture herpes from direct exposure to other cats who are infected. Stress can cause a flare-up as well as transmission to other cats. Treatment is aimed at managing the symptoms. Feline herpes virus is NOT contagious to human beings.
- Feline calicivirus. This virus is extremely contagious between felines. Mouth ulcers are the most common issue, however it can affect the breathing tract and even cause pneumonia.
These infections may make your feline more likely to establish other respiratory issues that can worsen sneezing. For instance, a cat with herpes may likewise establish a secondary bacterial infection. These are often treatable with antibiotics.
A large range of other infections might likewise cause sneezing. They consist of:
- Feline infectious peritonitis, which may cause no symptoms, moderate symptoms, or more severe symptoms gradually
- Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV), which develops gradually, but severely affects a cat’s body immune system, leaving the cat vulnerable to other infections
- Feline leukemia, a severe and frequently deadly infection
- Chlamydia, which frequently produces an eye infection (conjunctivitis)
Inhaled irritants or allergens. If your cat only sneezes once in a while, something may merely be irritating the nasal passages. Try to find patterns in your cat’s sneezing. Does it occur after you’ve lit the candle lights at the table? After your feline leaves the litter box? After you’ve cleaned up your house?
These are all examples of possible irritants or allergens (compounds that cause allergies) in cats:
- Cigarette smoke
- Pest sprays
- Feline litter, especially types that develop dust
- Cleaning representatives
- Candle lights
In felines, allergies are a less common reason for sneezing than in human beings. If sneezing is associated with allergies, often itchy skin is also present.
Other prospective causes of sneezing. A range of other elements might add to sneezing in felines. For example, it’s common for felines to experience sneezing within four to 7 days of receiving an intranasal vaccine. This sneezing lasts for no more than a number of days. Cats might also sneeze to attempt to remove an obstruction in their nasal passages. An infection or inflammation of a tooth root may cause drainage into the sinuses and might also cause sneezing. In really unusual cases, sneezing in felines can be a sign of cancer.
Sneezing and Other Symptoms
Symptoms that may accompany sneezing in cats may be the outcome of a wide variety of infections and other issues. These symptoms may include:
- Eye discharge, swelling, or ulcers
- Extreme nasal discharge, in some cases yellow or green in color (sometimes a sign of a bacterial infection)
- Fatigue or anxiety
- Reduced cravings or weight reduction
- Enlarged lymph nodes
- Wheezing or coughing
- Poor coat condition
- Trouble breathing
When to See the Vet
If your cat sneezes just every now and then, has no other symptoms, or has just mild symptoms, you may wish to merely monitor them for a few days. Keep your feline inside your home and watch for modifications. However make sure to call the vet if your cat sneezes continuously or frequently, sneezes blood, or has other signs such as those listed above. They might be signs of an illness or condition that requires veterinary care.
Treatment depends on the cause of the sneezing. In mild cases, the veterinarian may recommend taking actions to just help your feline be more comfortable — like utilizing a humidifier. In other cases, antibiotics, nasal decongestants, steroids, or fluids might be required. Hardly ever, cats that don’t respond to medical therapy might need surgery.
Also read: Upper Respiratory Infection in Cats