Dogs can get hernias, simply as individuals can. Dogs can be born with them, or they can be the outcome of an injury. A hernia is a tear in the wall of a muscle that allows the internal organs or fat normally discovered behind the muscles in the abdomen to push through.
What to Do if Your Puppy Has Hernia
There is good news and bad news when it concerns hernias. The bad news is, depending upon the type, they can be dangerous. Fortunately is that they are entirely treatable!
There are five typical types of hernias seen in dogs.
- Umbilical: This is the most typical type of hernia. These are genetic and most commonly seen in puppies. If your pooch has an umbilical hernia, you will see that her belly button has actually been replaced by a squishy protrusion. Depending on the size, these can either heal by themselves or can be surgically repaired when your puppy is purified or sterilized. Failure to repair the hernia, if large enough, can cause major complications.
- Inguinal: These hernias happen in the “groin” area, where the inner fold of the rear leg connects to the body wall. These can vary in size from little to large, and — if the opening is large enough — parts of the intestine, the bladder, or the uterus can end up being trapped within the hernia, triggering a dangerous problem. This type is thought about hereditary and often impacts middle-aged female dogs, particularly those who are pregnant. These should be surgically fixed right away to avoid complications.
- Diaphragmatic: The muscle that separates the abdominal organs from your dog’s heart and lungs is called the diaphragm. A hole in the diaphragm permits the internal organs to go into the chest cavity, making it difficult for your dog to breath. These hernias can either be hereditary or the result of an injury; most commonly, being struck by a car.
- Perineal: When the muscles of the pelvis tear, abdominal contents enter the area surrounding to the anus. Some breeds are inclined to this type of hernia, and it frequently takes place in unneutered male dogs over the age of 5. (Bottom line: Be sure to sterilize your dog!)
- Hiatal: This kind of hernia develops when a portion of the stomach pushes into the diaphragm, where the esophagus joins the stomach. Hiatal hernias can be congenital or the result of injury.
Because a hernia presses fat or internal organs through the muscles of the abdomen, the hernia often looks like an extending, soft, bubble-like mass.
Furthermore, your pet might have the following symptoms:
Your veterinarian will customize your dog’s treatment to the type of hernia thought. In lots of circumstances, the hernia will show up. In circumstances where the hernia is internal, your vet might recommend an x-ray to evaluate your dog’s condition. In the majority of circumstances, your veterinarian will recommend surgery to repair the hernia and suitable medications/treatment, depending on the type of hernia and cause.
If your dog needs to undergo surgery to have actually the hernia fixed, your vet might also advise preanesthetic tests to ensure your dog is healthy and can tolerate the anesthetic procedure.
These may include:
- Chemistry checks to examine kidney, liver, and pancreatic function, in addition to sugar levels
- A total blood count to rule out blood-related conditions
- Electrolyte tests to ensure your dog isn’t dehydrated or experiencing an electrolyte imbalance
There is no real way to prevent a hernia. A lot of hernias are either hereditary or happen as a result of an injury or other health-related concern. Making sterile or sterilizing your dog can have the best impact on preventing a number of types of hernias. In addition, many hernia repair works can occur when your dog is spayed or sterilized.
Also read: Hiatal Hernia in Dogs