Pup vaginitis (also called juvenile vaginitis) is inflammation of the vaginal area in a pup that has not reached adolescence. In contrast, adult-onset vaginitis affects some spayed female dogs. The cause of either form of vaginitis is not well comprehended, but it is generally a moderate condition that is quickly treatable.
What is Vaginitis?
Vaginitis is inflammation of the vagina. Juvenile vaginitis occurs just in pups. It does not appear to favor any breed and can happen in any dog. The condition can cause vulvar inflammation, inflammation, and discomfort. The dog might often lick the area to try to reduce the pain.
Symptoms of Vaginitis in Puppies
Straightforward puppy vaginitis has few signs. The way frequently finds it throughout a veterinary examination. Signs are typically moderate, might reoccur, and can consist of:
- Vaginal discharge that is mucus-like, white to yellow, and normally not heavy
- Licking the vulva; some dogs might also scoot on the flooring to try to ease the irritation
- Mild irritation of the skin around the vulva
In young puppies, if there are extra signs, such as regular urination, it may be a health issue aside from puppy vaginitis. For adult dogs, frequent urination or incontinence might be an extra sign of vaginitis, though this can also be due to another concern.
Causes of Puppy Vaginitis
Vets are not sure what causes vaginitis, though some aspects might play a role in it. For instance, your dog might have a urinary tract infection or a chemical imbalance in her urine that causes an abundance of pH and then causes vaginitis.
It’s likewise possible that the pup’s vagina has excessive yeast or that she was born with an abnormality in her vaginal area. Feces contamination is a possible cause because some dogs have a routine of licking the area. Foreign items and vaginal injury might likewise cause vaginitis, and these cases might end up being chronic. Vaginitis can take place in dogs with specific medical conditions as well. Diabetes and liver disease are two of the most typical, and these may worsen vaginitis symptoms, specifically in older dogs. Lastly, badly obese dogs might experience vaginitis since bacteria and moisture can get caught in additional folds of skin and tissue, causing inflammation.
Here is a list of main causes of the condition:
There are numerous causes of vaginitis, including:
- Prepubertal vaginitis
- Urinary tract infections
- Vaginal trauma
- Foreign bodies
- Urine or fecal contamination of the vulva
- Ectopic ureter
- Urinary incontinence
- Vaginal tumors – especially transmissible venereal tumors and leiomyomas
- Infection – bacterial or viral
- Vaginal hematomas or abscesses
- Congenital anatomical abnormalities
Risk Factors for Puppy Vaginitis
Young female dogs who have not had their first heat cycle are at threat for pup vaginitis. Symptoms can show up in pups as young as 6 to 8 weeks. Female dogs who have been spayed might contract adult-onset vaginitis. Once again, there is no breed predisposition, and it can happen at any age.
Diagnosis of Puppy Vaginitis
The symptoms and age of the puppy highly recommend the medical diagnosis. If you believe vaginitis, it’s best for a veterinarian to analyze your young puppy. They will likely conduct a vaginoscopy. This provides a visual examination of the inner walls of the vaginal area. If there is vaginitis present, that will expose a reddened surface area. A sample of cells from the vagina analyzed under the microscopic lens will show changes typical for young puppy vaginitis too.
Your vet may want to do other tests to dismiss other conditions that may require treatment. For instance, they might take a urine sample to look for a urinary tract infection. A swab of the vagina can be used to look for uncommon quantities or types of germs that indicate a bacterial infection requiring antibiotic therapy. Your veterinarian may likewise suggest other tests.
Treatment of Puppy Vaginitis
The bright side is that puppy vaginitis is generally self-treated. It’s very common for it to clean up by itself after the dog goes into heat for the very first time. Specialists are divided on the concern of whether to spay puppies with pup vaginitis before their first heat cycle or let them go through a cycle. This is a question you ought to talk about with your vet about your dog.
In moderate cases with no complicating elements such as infections, treatment typically includes everyday cleaning of the vulva. This can be done with an odorless baby clean or an alcohol-free ear cleansing solution. The objective is to keep the area clean and minimize any inflammation from the discharge.
Antibiotics are frequently only required if tests for bacteria reveal a higher than normal or uncommon population of bacteria. Usually, only adult dogs have prescribed antibiotics if the veterinarian is worried that it might be unclear up on its own. If your vet found another medical concern in addition to vaginitis, that will likely need to be treated first. In many cases, these treatments will take care of the vaginitis as well. Some veterinarians might suggest daily probiotics for your dog, but this is on a case by case basis. During the recovery, some dogs may exceedingly lick the genital area. If this ends up being a problem or if there are creams on the genital areas that ought to not be consumed, an Elizabethan collar may be needed while the puppy heals.
Particular cases of young puppy vaginitis may continue to happen and become a chronic condition. This may be because of a physiological abnormality with the female dog’s genitals. If that’s the case, many times a veterinarian will wait until the young puppy’s first heat to see if the chronic vaginitis continues. If the vaginitis continues, surgery might be essential for severe or complex cases.
The day-to-day cleansing of the vulva is usually all that is needed until the condition deals with by itself. It is essential to talk to your veterinarian if you see changes like the discharge if any other symptoms appear, or the vaginitis doesn’t seem to be cleaning up in the time the veterinarian specified. Note that in many cases, male dogs can be mainly brought in to female dogs with vaginitis. Keep your dog clear of unwanted attention or touching from male dogs throughout this time, as it may further complicate her recovery.