Urinary Incontinence in Dogs


Urinary incontinence happens when a housetrained dog loses control of his bladder. This can vary in seriousness from occasional small urine leakages to unintentional voiding of a large amount of urine.

What Causes Urinary Incontinence in Dogs?

  • Structural disorders.
  • Urinary stones
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Spinal injury or degeneration (frequently seen in German shepherds).
  • Weak bladder sphincter
  • Hereditary irregularities.
  • Existence of other diseases that cause excessive water intake, such as diabetes, kidney disease, hyperadrenocorticism.
  • Extending intervertebral disc.
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Certain medications.
  • Prostate conditions.

What Are the General Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence in Dogs?

Leaking urine, which can irritate the skin and cause soreness, is one of the most recognizable symptoms of incontinence, as is extreme licking of the vulva or penis area. Animal parents may also see the area where the dog sleeps is infected with urine.

What Should I Do If I Think My Dog Is Incontinent?

Talk to a veterinarian, who will validate the medical diagnosis and aim to determine a cause. The veterinarian will take a thorough history, perform a physical examination and most likely conduct a urinalysis to verify whether your dog is struggling with a bladder infection, which requires treatment with antibiotics. Other tests may include a urine culture, blood work, radiographs and ultrasound.

What Are Some Complications of Urinary Incontinence in Dogs?

Some bouts of urinary incontinence ebb and subside, but others can progress and cause more severe bladder and kidney infections. A skin infection might lead to areas that remain in consistent contact with urine.

Are Certain Dogs Prone to Urinary Incontinence?

Although urinary incontinence can afflict dogs of any age, type or gender, it is most often seen in middle-aged to older spayed females; cocker spaniels, springer spaniels, Doberman pinschers and Old English sheepdogs are amongst the types often susceptible to incontinence.

How Is Urinary Incontinence Treated?

Treatment for incontinence will depend upon its underlying cause. Medications can typically successfully handle this condition and avoid daily mishaps. Some treatments focus on hormone therapy, while others, such as phenylpropanolamine, enhance the urethral sphincter, which manages urine circulation. Surgery likewise might be an option if medication alone doesn’t work. Collagen injections, a more recent therapy for incontinence, appear to have promising results.

In cases of incontinence due to bladder stones, an extending disc or hereditary abnormality, surgery may be suggested.

How Can I Manage Urinary Incontinence?

  • Supply appropriate health to prevent any associated skin infections.
  • Please seek advice from your vet prior to restricting your dog’s water intake.
  • Always monitor your animal’s condition, since it can rapidly speed up to infection, particularly in senior dogs.
  • Think about using doggie diapers, which are available at numerous pet shops.
  • Pile clean blankets and towels in your dog’s preferred sleeping spot, or put water resistant pads under her bedding to absorb any moisture.
  • Take your dog for more frequent strolls, including first thing in the morning and quickly after she wakes from a nap.



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