weight loss in cats

Unexplained Weight Loss in Cats

When your cat loses a remarkable quantity of weight for no obvious reason, you have to go to your vet as it can be a sign of disease. There may be a hidden condition that requires treatment.

In today’s world where more than 50 percent of dogs and cats are considered obese or overweight, weight reduction is often a desirable outcome for our sedentary, overfed pets. But when family pets lose weight despite little effort on their owners’ parts to effect this change, it’s often an undesirable symptom of disease. This is specifically true in cases where weight reduction is fast or noticable (more than 10 percent of body weight).

Why Is My Cat Losing Weight?

What causes of unexplained weight loss in cat? Cats can sometimes lose weight for a variety of fairly benign reasons:

  • A modification in diet can sometimes cause weight loss either because the family pet finds the food less enticing or because it has less calories.
  • A move to a new home, a modification in schedule, or greater access to the outdoors can cause weight reduction if a pet ends up being more active as an outcome.
  • Geriatric pets can sometimes lose small amounts of weight as part of the normal aging process.

Persistent, quick, or dramatic weight reduction (greater than 10 percent of an animal’s body weight), nevertheless, can be the sign of a major condition, such as:

  • Cancer
  • Periodontal disease in cats
  • Chronic gastrointestinal obstruction (as when foreign bodies are consumed).
  • Kidney failure in cats
  • Liver disease in cats
  • FeLV or FIV in cats.
  • Diabetes in cats.
  • Thyroid disease in cats
  • Orthopedic or neuromuscular disease that leads to loss of muscle mass.

Home Remedies for Weight Loss in Cats

If you notice weight-loss in your pet, ask yourself a few easy questions:.

  • Has the cat’s hunger or activity level clearly declined?
  • Has the cat’s home life or schedule changed?
  • Has the cat’s diet altered?
  • Is your cat otherwise feeling well or is she struggling with sleepiness, poor cravings, vomiting, diarrhea, or other obvious symptoms?

If modifications in diet or activity level don’t appear adequate explanation for the degree of weight loss (especially if the animal’s weight-loss is higher than 10 percent of her body weight), a veterinary go to is definitely in order.

What Your Veterinarian Will Do

There are numerous steps a veterinarian may undertake to recognize the origin of the weight-loss.

  • Get a history. When did you first discover the weight reduction? How has it altered? How has your animal been otherwise? How is her cravings?
  • Conduct a barium research study. This common X-ray research study needs that a patient get a stomach-filling volume of a dense liquid product that shows up as a brilliant white image on an X-ray. It’s generally undertaken as a series of images, so that the barium’s progress through the intestinal tract can be examined. As the barium fills the esophagus, stomach, and intestinal tracts, much can be discerned about the structure and function of the GI tract. This test is specifically helpful when gastrointestinal obstructions or intestinal cancers are presumed.
  • Take X-rays (radiography). This typical imaging research study can reveal if internal organs (like the liver, kidneys, and heart) are enlarged or otherwise unusual in size or position. Some internal tumors can also be detected by taking X-rays.
  • Do some standard laboratory work. A CBC (complete blood count), blood chemistry panel, thyroid hormonal agent test, heartworm test, urinalysis, and fecal evaluation are thought about basic. For cats, FIV (feline AIDS) and FeLV (feline leukemia) tests may also be recommended. For dogs, tick titers (blood tests to assist detect Lyme disease or other diseases brought by ticks) might be in order.
  • Do a physical examination. What an animal feels and look like can tell your veterinarian a lot about weight reduction. What do her teeth appear like? Does she look otherwise healthy? Checking out the whole animal assists establish what’s going on and is for that reason considered a vital action.
  • Do an ultrasound. Just like X-rays, this test uses sound waves to assist get a more three-dimensional image of internal organs and to show whether abnormal structures or abnormal organs exist.

Treatment

Definitive treatment depends on the underlying reason for the weight-loss.

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