Your typically happy-go-lucky pooch seems unstable and confused. Then he flops to the floor. Despite the fact that he’s not familiar with what is occurring, he looks like he’s treading water. He’s having a seizure. Why is this occurring, and what can you do?
If your dog has them typically, he may have a seizure disorder. Another name for that is epilepsy. Abnormal, uncontrolled bursts of electrical activity in your dog’s brain cause seizures, affecting how he looks and how he acts. Seizures can look like a twitch or unmanageable shaking and can last from less than a minute to a number of minutes.
- Liver disease
- Low or high blood sugar
- Head injury
- Electrolyte problems
- Brain cancer
- Consuming poison
- Kidney disease
Symptoms of Seizures
Symptoms can consist of collapsing, jerking, stiffening, muscle twitching, loss of awareness, drooling, chewing, tongue chewing, or lathering at the mouth. Dogs can fall to the side and make paddling motions with their legs. They in some cases poop or pee during the seizure.
Some dogs may look dazed, appear unsteady or confused, or stare off into space before a seizure. Later, your dog might be disoriented, unsteady, or temporarily blind. He might walk in circles and run into things. He may have a great deal of drool on his chin and could be bleeding in his mouth if he bit himself. He may aim to conceal.
The most typical kind is the generalized seizure in dogs, likewise called a grand mal seizure. A dog can pass out and convulse. The irregular electrical activity occurs throughout the brain. Generalized seizures generally last from a few seconds to a few minutes.
With a focal seizure, irregular electrical activity occurs in only part of the brain. Focal seizures can cause uncommon movements in one limb or one side of the body.
In some cases they last just a few seconds. They might start as focal and then end up being generalized.
A psychomotor seizure includes odd habits that only lasts a few minutes. Your dog may suddenly begin attacking an imaginary object or chasing his tail. It can be tricky to inform psychomotor seizures from odd habits, but a dog that has them will constantly do the same thing every time he has a seizure.
Seizures from unidentified causes are called idiopathic epilepsy. They normally take place in dogs between 6 months and 6 years old. Although any dog can have a seizure, idiopathic epilepsy is more typical in border collies, Australian shepherds, Labrador retrievers, beagles, Belgian Tervurens, collies, and German shepherds.
How to Help to Your Dog?
First, aim to stay calm. If your dog is near something that might harm him, like a furniture piece or the stairs, carefully move him away.
Stay away from your dog’s mouth and head; he could bite you. Do not put anything in his mouth. Dogs can not choke on their tongues. If you can, time it.
If the seizure lasts for more than a number of minutes, your dog is at risk of getting too hot. Turn a fan on your dog and put cold water on his paws to cool him down.
Talk with your dog softly to reassure him. Avoid touching him – he may unconsciously bite. Call your vet when the seizure ends.
If your dog has a seizure that lasts more than 5 minutes or if he has several in a row while he’s unconscious, take him to a vet as quickly as possible. The longer a seizure goes on, the greater a dog’s body temperature can rise, and he might have problems breathing. This can raise his risk of mental retardation. Your vet might provide your dog IV Valium to stop the seizure.
What to Expect
Your vet will want to do an extensive physical exam and get some laboratory work to search for the causes of your dog’s seizures.
Your veterinarian might prescribe medicines to control seizures. Constantly follow your veterinarian’s instructions when you offer your dog medicine. Don’t let him miss a dosage.