Papillomavirus in Dogs

Papillomavirus in Dogs

Your parents most likely warned you that kissing a stranger was like kissing everybody that person kissed. Well, they were right and the exact same suggestions applies to your dog.

What Is Papilloma Infection?

Canine oral papillomas, likewise known as oral warts, are small, benign growths of the mouth caused by the papilloma infection. They are discovered on the lips, gums, mouth, and seldom can also be found on other mucous membranes.

Causes of Papillomavirus in Dogs

Canine oral papillomas normally impact young dogs, under the age of 2. Young dogs are more prone to the papilloma infection because their body immune system is not totally established. As their immune system grows, they produce antibodies versus the virus and the warts can ultimately disappear. Impacted dogs can send the virus to other dogs through direct contact. This normally occurs when they greet each other, share toys, or eat/drink from the exact same food or water bowl.Dog with it’s mouth open Canine papilloma virus is species-specific and for that reason can not be sent from dogs to human beings or cats.

Symptoms of Papilloma Virus in Dogs

Papillomas usually establish on the lips, tongue, throat or gums. They are round and have an irregular surface, reminiscent of a cauliflower or sea polyp, and typically grow in clusters. The majority of dogs are asymptomatic unless the papillomas end up being infected. Infected oral papillomas can cause pain, swelling and bad breath.


It is always a good idea to bring your dog to the vet if you ever discover any swelling or bump. Your veterinarian can generally identify canine oral papilloma by their particular appearance. Given that oral papillomas can occasionally end up being deadly (cancerous) and other cancers can grow in the mouth, your vet may acquire a biopsy of the sore to develop the medical diagnosis, depending on your animal’s age. Likewise, your veterinarian will examine your dog’s mouth to identify if the papillomas are infected and antibiotics are needed.

Treatment of Papilloma Infection in Dogs

Because canine oral papillomas are generally asymptomatic, treatment is often not shown unless they become infected or end up being symptomatic. Infected papillomas can be painful and require a course of antibiotics. Sometimes, a dog will have a lot of developments that consuming ends up being bothersome. When this happens, the papillomas can be surgically excised or treated with cryotherapy (freezing). Another treatment involves crushing the lesions to stimulate the host body immune system to attack them. In people, interferon has actually been used in severe cases but this treatment is costly and has actually provided blended results with dogs. Most cases of canine oral papillomas disappear on their own within 1-5 months as the impacted dog’s immune system matures and mounts an action to the infection.

So while it’s true that kissing can spread out cooties, at least in the case of oral papillomas they typically deal with by themselves. If you observe any strange looking developments in your dog’s mouth or lips, take your dog to your vet to ensure they are canine oral papillomas and not something more major.

If you have any concerns or concerns, you should always go to or call your veterinarian — they are your best resource to ensure the health and wellness of your family pets.

Dogs Under Risk of Papilloma Virus

There is no type or family of a dog that’s more susceptible to establishing the canine papilloma virus. This infection does not discriminate in any way. However, all dogs who develop these growths have one ubiquitous measure– a weakened body immune system.

3 groups of dogs primarily fall under this classification: Young dogs, older dogs, and dogs that are being treated for a health problem or issue with immunosuppressive medications like steroids.

Young dogs (under 2 years of age) are more prone to this infection because they are still developing the immune system. Age and conditions take a toll on older dogs, making them a simple target too … and dogs that have actually had their immune system suppressed are also a threat. Numerous typical medications can knock out the body immune system making it tough — if not difficult — to prevent a breakout.

It Is Contagious?

The canine papilloma virus is spread out by direct contact (including saliva or other secretions)– which consists of other dogs, their toys and even you (if you’ve been in contact with a dog that brings the virus). It goes (almost) without saying, that if your dog has obtained this infection, it’s best not to let him frolic with other dogs at the dog park. And other dogs are all you require to worry about … the canine papilloma infection is just that: types particular. You can’t capture it. Neither can your cat … or bird … or ferret … or … anybody who isn’t a dog.

What Do Vets Tell About the Treatment

The good news is that the warts are benign and, in most cases, will go away without treatment within a few months, although some may take longer. Periodically, the growths can bleed or become infected, resulting in bad breath, and may require a course of antibiotics. In the meantime, owners must keep the infected dog far from other dogs to prevent spreading the infection.

In more severe cases, warts may hinder chewing, swallowing or breathing, and surgery may be essential. There are also oral, topical and injectable treatments that might assist hasten subsidence. In rare cases, papillomas have been understood to progress into malignant squamous cell cancers.

Once dogs have actually had the infection, they usually have immunity, and won’t succumb to the infection once again.

While oral papillomas tend to look worse than they typically are, you never want to assume that any growth on your dog is benign. If you notice anything uncommon in your dog’s mouth, ensure he’s examined by your vet.

Also read: Hydrocephalus in Cats and Dogs

D. Roberts (Junior Expert)
Pet Health
Leave a Reply

  1. Reyus Mammadli

    In my Pekingese, papillomas appear regularly on their paws, and, moreover, they are not small, everything would be nothing, but some of them sometimes prevent her from walking. Veterinarians say it’s okay. Tell someone had such problems, and to whom from the doctors you can show the dog. Cheers.

    1. Reyus Mammadli

      I do not agree with your veterinarian. Leaving these growths “as is” is not a good idea. Can you try to visit another vet?
      I suggest you pay attention to preventive measures for the emergence and development of papilloma virus in your pet. Even if your vet is right, it does not mean that tomorrow the dog will not get worse.
      The first thing to start with is strengthening the dog’s immune system.
      Good luck! Bill.

  2. Peg

    Terrible picture:( And I’ve seen it in dogs neighbors. I don’t know how, but they cured her. I’m very happy for their dog.

  3. Kenny_1989

    Once those things started appearing on my own dog I immidiately consulted a veterinarian. But he comforted me by saying that Papillomavirus in my dog’s case was nonmalignant. Although he assured me that there is no immediate danger to my dog’s health I’m going to treat those things anyways. They look so horrifying, there’s just no way I’m gonna leave it be.

  4. Gerard Bisset

    After seeing Papillomavirus on my friend’s dog I immediately started googling if it was ok or not. Big thanks to the author for letting my friend and I know more about this matter. Now we know what to expect at least 🙂

  5. Imane Al-Maghribī

    My brother had this huge St. Bernard dog which I didn’t like at all. But when I first saw warts in his mouth even I got worried. We took him to see the vet who assured us that everything was OK and that there was nothing to worry about. In a few days he got more of those warts and at some point he clearly had troubles breathing. Eventually, the vet had to perform a surgery on him. He’s alright now and I still don’t like him but I would never forgive myself if anything happened to him and I wouldn’t have done anything about it.

  6. Fleur Charpentier

    Ugh, this is so disturbing. No offense to dog owners but how do you guys deal with this stuff? I mean, if my dog had these I wouldn’t even let it near me LOL. I know it’s not kind or something but yuck, it’s still disgusting…

  7. Katy_Smith

    Once I saw a guy in a park casually walking his dog which clearly had a papilloma infection. Thing is, he would let his dog be around other dogs carelessly. He probably didn’t know, that it is contageous to other dogs. I legit just walked up to him and taold him that. He seemed so shocked he started apologising. He even walked up to every single dog owner with whose dogs his own dog made contact with and warned them about the infection. LOL