So, when it comes to mushrooms, how does a dog guardian understand which ones are harmful versus which ones are safe?
Are Mushrooms Poisonous to Dogs?
Mushrooms to understand about
There are thousands of mushrooms out there, but only about 100 types are dangerous. (Don’t worry about mushrooms offered in large-chain supermarket — these are safe and thought about non-toxic to dogs and human beings). Depending on what type of mushroom is mistakenly ingested, poisoning can be seen even with simply a little bite. Mushrooms are very challenging to recognize, and that need to only be done by mycologists.
When in doubt, we vets constantly assume worst-case circumstance… that each mushroom is poisonous when ingested by dogs or felines. When it comes to mushrooms, they can lead to different types of poisoning, depending on what species of mushroom is ingested.
- The most unsafe kind of mushroom is the Amanita, which consists of amanitin toxins. Medical signs seen from this mushroom consist of severe gastrointestinal signs (within 6-24 hours), a “false recovery” period (where your dog appears to obtain much better), and then severe liver failure (at 36-48 hours post-mushroom direct exposure). Intense kidney injury (AKI) can also establish in the end stages. These types of deadly mushrooms include Amanita, Galerina, Lepiota, A. phalloids (death cap, death angel), and A. ocreata.
- The Inocybe spp. and Clitocybe dealbata mushrooms include the toxic substance muscarine and cause excessive SLUDE signs (e.g., salivation, lacrimation, urination, diarrhea) and neurologic signs.
- Amanita muscaria and A. pantherina are a various type of Amanita that contain the toxins muscimol and ibotenic acid. Clinical signs from this type of mushroom include ‘walking drunk,’ severe sedation, tremblings and even seizures.
- The false morel (Gyromitra spp.) causes extreme vomiting and diarrhea and is normally not fatal. Rarely, it can cause seizures.
- Some types of mushrooms just cause gastrointestinal inflammation (e.g., vomiting and diarrhea) and are seldom life threatening when ingested. Signs can be seen in 1-6 hours, and usually solve after 1-2 days. These types of mushrooms include the following types: Agaricus, Boletus, Entoloma.
- Hallucinogenic mushrooms aren’t deadly and seldom requirement treatment. That said, signs of ataxia, acting abnormal, howling, abnormal eye motion and hyperthermia can be seen when dogs consume them. These types of mushrooms include the following types: Psilocybe, Conocybe, Gymnopilus spp.
What if you see your dog eat a mushroom?
If you see your dog eat a mushroom, get to a vet or emergency vet immediately. The sooner you bring your dog in, the quicker we can decontaminate (e.g., induce vomiting or administer triggered charcoal to bind the poison from the stomach) and treat your dog; this will be more economical and less damaging to your dog. Additional treatment often consists of IV fluids, blood work monitoring (for 2 days), liver protectant drugs, anti-vomiting medication, and encouraging care. If you wait up until clinical signs develop, it might be far too late to treat your dog successfully.
Also read: Can Dogs Eat Potatoes?