Low Platelet Count in Dogs

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What Is Thrombocytopenia in Dogs?

Thrombocytopenia is a medical condition where blood platelets end up being too low in animals. Platelets are produced in the bone marrow then launched into the blood stream. They also serve the important function of keeping hemostasis. Low platelet counts can be found in any type of dog, and at any age. Treatment alternatives do exist and unless the cause of the condition is serious, diagnosis for the dog is positive.

Thrombocytopenia affects both dogs and felines. If you want to learn how this disease affects cats, please check out this page in the PetMD health library.

Symptoms of Low Platelet Count in Dogs

Dogs with a low platelet count might show symptoms such as:

  • Urinary Bleeding
  • Extreme nasal mucus
  • Sleepiness
  • Collapse (in severe cases)
  • Fever
  • Excessive coughing
  • Heart murmur

Causes of Low Platelet Count in Dogs

Old dog with low platelet count

Old dog with low platelet count

Thrombocytopenia can be caused by a range of elements, consisting of:

  • Leukemia.
  • Lymphoma.
  • Decreased platelet production.
  • Extreme blood loss due to a hemorrhage.
  • Increased damage of platelets in the body (infectious representatives are the most typical cause of this issue).

Diagnosis

Veterinarians will determine the dog’s blood to identify its platelet count and compare the level versus normal standards. He or she will likewise eliminate any recent trauma or other problems connected to hemorrhaging.

Normal blood laboratory tests will have the ability to figure out the cause and whether it is because of a more serious underlying medical problem. In some circumstances, a bone marrow sample might be used to dismiss a range of medical conditions.

When internal bleeding or problems with ruptured organs are presumed, your veterinarian may perform X-rays and ultrasounds on your dog.

Treatment for Low Platelet Count in Dogs

To stabilize the dog’s platelet count, a platelet transfusion might be recommended. Sometimes, an entire blood transfusion might be had to remedy anemia.

Living and Management

One of the more severe complications to keep an eye out for in dogs with low platelet count is the capacity for extreme hemorrhaging, which normally takes place during an injury or cut. Your veterinarian might likewise suggest lowering the dog’s physical activities or removing any tough foods from its diet, as it can cause your pet’s gum to bleed.

Prevention

There are currently no known preventative steps for this medical condition.

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