How to Clip Guinea Pig’s Nails?

cutting guinea pig nails

Here are some pointers on how to cut guinea pig nails! Your guinea pig can’t very well trim his own little nails. It’s something you’ve got to provide for him. It’s very crucial to keep them well trimmed for some reasons:

  • The longer the nails are, the most likely they are to get caught in flooring in his cage. That is why it’s so essential to use soft things like fleece, and why you should never ever let your guinea pig walk over a real caged surface area.
  • As guinea pigs age, their nails become more fragile and more susceptible to breakage. If nails break, they can do so unevenly and even painfully for your pet.
  • If you don’t cut their nails, over time, it can deform their feet as their toes bend sideways.

blood vessels on guinea pig nails

Some individuals put a stone in their guinea pig’s cage thinking he will step across that routinely and keep his nails dulled; however, that just doesn’t work. Your family pet doesn’t know the stone’s purpose, and even if he did, he wouldn’t seem like crossing it typically enough to make a difference.

Don’t wait until your guinea pig develops before you set up a nail-cutting regimen as part of his health. No matter how old your guinea pig is, he will struggle masterfully during your first attempts to cut his nails.

As time goes on, he will withstand less and less. It’s best to begin when he’s young and get him accustomed to this routine.

Trimming Guinea Pig Nails Step-by-Step

how to clip guinea pig nails

  1. First, you’ll require a nail clipper. You can utilize a nail clipper for humans or one designed for cats or small animals. Second, you’ll need styptic powder. The powder rapidly stops bleeding in case you cut the nail too short.
  2. Determine where the quick ends on each nail. The quick includes capillary and nerve endings. While the nail itself has no sensation, cutting into the quick can trigger pain and might draw blood. If your guinea pig’s nails are light in color or transparent, the quick is the prominent pink part. If your guinea pig’s nails are dark colored, observe how the idea is formed. You’ll cut just the narrow tip of the nail. Start by clipping as low as possible.
  3. Position your guinea pig. If your guinea pig is comfortable in your lap, hold it upright with its back versus your stomach. Your guinea pig’s stomach will deal with far from you. Place your hand gently throughout your guinea pig’s chest. If your guinea pig isn’t comfy in your lap, cover it in a hand towel like a little burrito while keeping its feet available.
  4. Begin cutting. Hold one leg carefully and begin to trim off the nail on each toe before proceeding to the other foot. If you aren’t sure where the fast is, clip just the very end of the nail. If your guinea pig’s nails are too long, trim percentages weekly till its nails are a proper length. If you are cutting your guinea pig’s nails for the very first time, discover someone to help you hold your animal while you trim.

Here are more detailed description of the procedure:

What You Should Do to Clip Guinea Pig’s Nails Without Problem?

Keep in mind: White nails are easy to cut as you can typically see the capillary (Quick). Black nails are best cut at about 1mm at a time.

There’s likewise the matter of the blood vessel within his nails. Similar to dogs, cats, and humans, there is a supply of blood that feeds the nail beds. With people, your blood supply ends well before the nail itself grows out long enough to cut, although you know how aching it gets if you “cut below the fast.”

With small animals including guinea pigs, the capillary grows up into the nail itself. The longer you let the nail grow, the longer the vessel will grow, and the more likely you will nip the vessel. If you do, it will cause him pain– and yes, it will bleed a fair bit.

Types of Clippers

Lots of people choose to use human clippers, the little type utilized for fingernails. It might even deserve making the trip to the baby supply section of your shop and searching for baby clippers– they are tiny, however so are your guinea pig’s nails!

Nevertheless, It is worth noting that human clippers press the nail together before cutting and this can be a little unpleasant for your pigs.

Collect Your Supplies

You will need:

  • Clippers — preferably like what’s envisioned above
  • Styptic pencil or Cornflour in case of a cut.
  • Tiny pieces of carrot or green pepper to reward him after each cut.
  • Suggested — A good friend to help you!

Hold Your Pet Properly

Holding guinea pig's leg to trim the nails safely
Holding guinea pig’s leg to trim the nails safely.

You will require to protect your pet comfortably against you as you prepare to cut the first nail. Expect that he will be struggling. It’s best to wedge him with his rump support into your lap and supported carefully so that he doesn’t harm his back. You also should avoid holding him too securely. The first few times you trim his nails, get a good friend to assist you to hold him in place.

Some individuals advise covering him and 3 of his limbs in a towel so that they are confined as you work on the fourth limb. You should take care, however, not to suffocate him or wrap him too securely. He will get easily overheated.

You might be lucky to have a guinea pig who doesn’t freak out on his back. If this holds true, cutting nails can be very simple! Just support your guinea pig in between both held together knees as you cut away.


Hold up his foot between your thumb and forefinger so you can imagine the nail. As you hold it up to the light, you will have the ability to see the capillary as a shadow within the nail. Make your clipping beyond that shadow so that you do not injure your pet. If his nails are dark and you can not see the vessel, then do not cut off more than a couple of mm’s at a time.

Now that you’ve made the first cut offer your guinea pig a huge of carrot to reward him! Keep additional little pieces on hand so that he can have a small bite after each nail. Some owners, in fact, give them their treat just before they cut; however, others think that if the little fellow is not accustomed to the procedure yet, he might choke on his food.

If You Cut Him

Do not berate yourself — it happens, even when a professional does the cutting. Only be prepared ahead of time. Get the styptic pencil you bought ahead of time and dab it on the end of the nail, and the bleeding must stop immediately. If you don’t have the styptic pencil, attempt using some corn-starch from the cooking area pantry, and use pressure at the site of the bleeding.

Keep a mindful eye on the foot area to make sure the bleeding stops within a couple of minutes. If not, a vet sees might be essential.

Keep the Nails Groomed

Even as that capillary grows longer into the nail when the nail needs to be cut, it will similarly recede with routine cutting. Address his nails on a month-to-month basis to be sure you are keeping them short enough. With time, he will get used to the procedure and battle a bit less.

As a last note, be particular that your guinea pig has a diet with the proper amount of calcium, given that it helps keep skin and nails healthy.

Reyus Mammadli
Having engineering and medical education, in recent years actively engaged in the study of the development, reproduction of domestic animals. Special attention is paid to the treatment and prevention of diseases of Pets.
Pet Health
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  1. Reyus Mammadli author

    Hi there! Here is good instruction how to clip nails of the guinea pigs in safe manner. All Guinea pigs have 14 toes: 4 on front feet, 3 toes on the back.

    If you cut Guinea pigs decided to leave the nails on the front legs slightly shorter than back.

    There is a sequence of actions that will help to carry out the procedure correctly and safely:

    1. Taking the hands wrapped in a towel pet, turn it to his back. Carefully inspect the condition of the claws and estimate their length, determining the approximate location of the incision. It is desirable to illuminate the claws of the rodent with a lamp to understand the exact location of the blood vessel. Cut only the transparent tip, without touching the vessel to avoid bleeding. If your pet has dark-colored claws, you can carefully use the nail file to grind the tip.
    2. Gently pull the paws of the animal one by one. When odergivaniya pet’s feet, let him calm down before proceeding.
    3. Fix the claw between your thumb and forefinger, but do not squeeze it tightly. You need to cut slightly above a blood vessel at an angle to the paw pet could stand on the surface exactly. If you hit a vessel and bleed, apply a powder (Chlorhexidine, starch). After applying it at the end of the haircut, wipe off the product to avoid getting it into the stomach of the animal.

    After finishing the procedure, replace the litter in the cage with a fresh one to avoid getting dirt under the trimmed nails of the animal and possible inflammation.