Heat in dogs is a natural process that shows that the dog is ready to conceive and bear offspring. But for the owner, this period in the life of his favorite is not so simple. What do you need to know to cope with the difficulties that arise?
How Often Do Dogs Go Into Heat
The time of the onset of estrus depends on the breed, conditions of maintenance and nutrition. In small-breed dogs, the first estrus occurs at the age of 6 to 10 months, in medium-sized breeds – at the age of 8-14 months, in large-breed dogs, estrus occurs at 10-18 months. To bear and give birth to healthy offspring, the dog must also reach physiological maturity. And it comes at about the age of two years, depending on the breed.
How Long Do Dogs Stay in Heat?
The duration depends on the characteristics of the individual dog – estrus can last from 21 to 28 days. It begins with the appearance of pinkish discharge from the loop, and the moment when the dog begins to drive away the males from itself can be considered the end.
Dogs tend to run twice a year. The interval between estrus can be from 6 to 8 months. The exception to the general rule are representatives of aboriginal breeds, or, as they are also called, primitive breeds (husky, husky, Caucasian shepherd dog, Basenji). It is normal for them to be in heat once a year.
If your “girlfriend” has become overly emotional, naughty, overly playful – this means that hormones are making themselves felt and heat is approaching.
Dog in Heat: Step-by-step
- Beginning: Proestrus
This phase lasts approximately 7-10 days. There are big changes in the dog’s body, which prepares for the conception and bearing of offspring. Allocations from the loop become richer and brighter every day. The dog actively flirts with the males, but does not let them close.
- Sexual hunting: Estrus
The dog is ready to mate. She demonstrates her desire to everyone around: at the sight of a dog, she takes positions that are comfortable for mating, rolls her tail to one side. Such frivolous behavior lasts from 4 to 13 days.
If you do not plan to mate, increase your vigilance tenfold during this period. Pepper spray to help you!
IMPORTANT! Do not use hormonal drugs to interrupt or prevent sexual desire! They cause irreparable harm to canine health, provoking the development of cancerous tumors. It is better to wait until the end of estrus and think hard about sterilizing your pet, if you do not plan to knit her in the future.
- End of story: Diestrus
The swelling of the genitals gradually subsides, the discharge stops. The dog stops admitting the dog. But the probability of conception remains for some time. Therefore, be careful, do not rush to relax.
And finally, peace comes, and your pet becomes the former “good girl”, forgetting about her antics.
Simple Rules for Keeping a Dog During Estrus
If you do not want to have offspring, at the first sign of estrus, start taking precautions:
- Eliminate any contact with males.
- To prevent your pet from escaping, only walk it on a short leash.
- Prevent mating – it is almost impossible to take animals apart during intercourse.
- In order not to disturb other dogs, do not take your pet during estrus to competitions and shows.
Keep your dog and sleeping area clean during estrus. Most dogs are very clean and self-lick. Help an inexperienced dog groom during the first heat. To keep the sleeping area clean, use special diapers, and to avoid marks on the floor, wear special panties or diapers on the dog. Such “clothing” will prevent the appearance of stains on the floor throughout the apartment.
Being in heat is a difficult period in the life of a dog and its owner, but if you follow my advice, you can get through it safely.
- How can you tell if your dog is in heat
- How long does a female dog in heat bleed?
- When do dogs go in heat?