Parasites are unpleasant, and hookworms are no exception. These nasty little worms can do a lot of damage to your dog, which is why it is necessary for owners to be knowledgeable about the symptoms of hookworms in dogs and the best ways to treat them. Here is what you have to know.
Ancylostomiasis (Hookworms) in Dogs
Hookworms can be fatal, particularly in pups. As such, pet owners have to be vigilant for signs of hookworms in their dogs. These blood-sucking parasites can invade, inhabit, and live in the dog’s little intestines. In their fourth-stage larvae, the hookworms can trigger anemia and inflammation in the dog’s small intestinal tract. Active worms leave bite websites and those websites continue to seep blood.
The condition or disease explained in this medical article can impact both dogs and cats. If you wish to learn more about how this disease affects cats, please visit this page in the PetMD health library.
Symptoms of Hookworms in Dogs
A dog with the parasite looks unhealthy and has a poor appetite; the linings of its nostrils, lips, and ears will be pale. If hookworm larvae get into the lungs, the dog will cough, as well as present a number of other symptoms, consisting of dark and tarry stool, diarrhea, and constipation. Death can come suddenly if the dog is not instantly treated.
Causes of Hookworms in Dogs
Young puppies generally acquire this condition through milk from their mothers. These problems are constantly triggered by intake or by larval penetration of the skin, typically found in polluted water or in a polluted environment.
Detecting Hookworms in Dogs
Hookworms can not be seen with the naked eye and needs to be for that reason be microscopically taken a look at by your vet through a stool specimen. This assessment will also assist the vet determine what course of treatment to prescribe. If some of the young puppies in a litter have actually passed away, hookworms need to be presumed.
Treatment of Hookworms in Dogs
To get rid of the worms, a medication that will kill them or expel them will be prescribed. Often that is all that is required. However, nutritional and iron supplements might be essential likewise. Puppies should be put on the worm medication at 2 weeks of age and continue till weaned and treated regular monthly after weaning to be sure that larvae are eliminated.
With pregnant females, treatment needs to start two weeks after breeding and continue for 2 to four weeks after the pups are born to get rid of possible worms in the intestinal tract, and to protect the young puppies.
In severe cases, the dog (or young puppy) will need to be hospitalized for fluid therapy, blood transfusion, and additional oxygen, depending upon the seriousness of the anemia and the condition of the animal. Understand, there is a possibility of abrupt death even with treatment.
Preventing Hookworms in Dogs
The environment where your dogs wander must be tidy. Pay specific focus on the accumulation of water in a container, a low-lying area, or even in a pond. If you see the symptoms listed above in your pet, take a sample of feces to your vet.
There are no inoculations for this parasitic problem, so the only way you can protect your pet is by being watchful and acting rapidly. And though hookworm cases are rare in people, the parasites can permeate human skin, so care needs to be taken while dealing with the affected animal.