Puppyhood is a time of fast development and advancement. Pups require various levels of nutrients than do older dogs. Since of their special nutritional requirements, your puppy should just get young puppy food for the first year (huge breeds, a number of months longer). Lots of dog food manufacturers provide a special formula for pups and in some cases, big breed puppies, for whom the protein, calcium, and phosphorus levels may be more critical.
Feeding Puppies: When to Start with Water and Wet Food
Feeding the first couple of days
For the first couple of days you have your brand-new pup home, it is a great idea to continue feeding the very same type and brand of pup food and use the exact same feeding schedule the young puppy was on prior to he came to you. Then you can gradually start utilizing the food you have selected based upon details you received from the breeder and veterinarian. A pet has to be changed to a new food gradually to avoid digestive upset. By ‘slowly’ we indicate during 7-10 days go from feeding 100% of the previous food to 100% of the new food For example, make a mix which contains 25% of the new food and 75% of the old food and feed that for a number of days. Then make it 50-50 for several days, then 75% brand-new food to 25% old food for numerous days. Then you can start feeding 100% brand-new food. If at any time your pup starts vomiting, or has loose stools or appears constipated, slow the rate at which you are changing him over.
Kind of food
There are 3 types of commercially produced dog foods: dry kibble, semi-moist (sealed packages), and moist (canned). A lot of fitness instructors and vets advise dry kibble food. We rarely suggest canned or the semi-moist foods. Canned foods are normally higher in fat and are generally 80 to 83 percent water. That makes them quite expensive if you eject the top 4/5 of the can. The semi-moist foods are about 55% water and use high salt or sugar levels for preservation. Once again, you are paying too much for water and puppies do not need the salt and sugar. Dry foods are only 9 to 11 percent water and are made from the same quality components as the other types. They are more cost-effective, much easier to use, and in our viewpoint, better for your dog.
With dog food, you practically get what you spend for. Economy brand names are low-cost and are made of the most affordable components available. As such, their energy worths are lower, and most notably they often use poorer-grade proteins with lower digestibility, which suggests much of the food passes right through their system and is not soaked up. Premium brand names, which include those categorized as Super Premium and Performance, use greater quality components from sources with greater biological worths. Since much better quality active ingredients indicate much better digestibility, your pup does not need to eat as much and less waste is produced (which means less to get in the yard). Routine brands, as you might guess, fall somewhere between.
Keep in mind, the back of the dog food bag does not inform the entire story, including crucial information like percent digestibility – how much of the food your puppy’s body will really use. Talk with your veterinarian about the best food for your dog.
Also read: How to Make Homemade Dog Food
Table scraps are a No-No
The only thing we dislike more than canned or pre-moistened foods for dogs is table scraps. We highly advise never ever starting because when you do, it never stops. Most nutritionists think that dogs that are on a good quality commercially prepared dry food are nutritionally better off than their owners are. This has actually been displayed in lots of studies. Table scraps are usually higher in calories and definitely are not balanced. Neither are they strengthened with the vitamins and minerals that dogs require. Table scraps could cause diarrhea or other gastrointestinal problems. Table scraps fill them up, but do not supply the nutrients their rapidly-growing bodies need. Feeding them from the table teaches them the bad routine of asking and might make housetraining harder for you.
The young puppy’s feeding schedule will be somewhat dictated by your own personal schedule. We do not want to leave food out for the pup so that he can eat it whenever he desires. You have to be there for the feedings because you desire the young puppy and his whole body on a set schedule. This is best achieved by feeding the puppy what he will eat at particular times on a particular schedule. Pups under 6 months of age should be fed three times daily; after 6 months they might be fed twice daily.
By feeding upon a set schedule, the dog will then go to the bathroom on a more set schedule and make housetraining easier and faster.
Make it a routine to give the puppy some peaceful time after the meal. Do not let the children romp and have fun with him for the first hour to an hour and a half after consuming. This can cause some stomach upsets that can often be extremely severe. The pup will probably have to go to the bathroom, nevertheless.
Total up to feed
The amount of food provided with each meal must never ever be dictated by what is on the back of the puppy food bag. That is an excellent location to start, however from our experience, lots of young puppies need less than what is on the bag, and a couple of might need more. Adjust the quantity fed to maintain your pup at an optimum weight. Your veterinarian can help you identify the appropriate amount to feed to keep your puppy at ideal condition. Keep in mind to have water readily available with or immediately following the meal.
Among the common problems that vets speak with dog owners, especially those with animals less than 18 months of age, is that they never ever eat enough. The owners feel the dog is not gaining weight or growing as fast as they think she should. They are tempted to in some way motivate their animals to eat more. Do not do it. The development rates and appetites of young animals on a good quality food are mostly dictated by their genetics. Do not attempt to make your dog grow faster than she ought to or into something she is not. This will just cause issues. Synthetically sped up growth leads to bone and joint disorders. Feed them the amounts they want and let their bodies dictate their requirements.
Treats should never account for more than 10% of your puppy’s calorie intake (which is very little in Toy breeds). Your young puppy’s food is his sole source for the nutrition he requires, so do not ‘fill’ your pup on treats before meal time.
Hard chew treats keep your puppy entertained and may enhance dental health by exercising the gums and scraping the teeth. It likewise satisfies your teething pup’s have to chew.
Treats can be used during training to reward etiquette, but take care not to overdo it.
Young puppies may appear to drink large amounts of water. They require water and can not be deprived of it. A dog or feline can lose practically all of his body fat and half of his protein mass (muscle) and still make it through. However, if this exact same animal loses 15% of his body water, he will die. Water is the most crucial nutrient of all.
For dogs of any age that eat dry food, water will be had to rehydrate it in their stomachs for food digestion. Puppies likewise need more water per pound than adults do because they are growing. Development comes through really active metabolism at the cellular level. These procedures produce many wastes and spin-offs that are excreted into the blood. It needs lots of water to carry these compounds to and be flushed through the kidneys. It is okay to set up when your young puppy drinks, but on a daily basis you should allow her to consume what she desires and needs.
Supplying fresh, clean water is essential. Contagious representatives and diseases such as leptospirosis, Giardia, E. coli, and Cryptosporidium can be sent through polluted water sources. Providing fresh, clean water considerably lowers the risk of disease and therefore keeps your family pet delighted and healthy.
Also read: How to Take Care of a Puppy