Bilious Vomiting Syndrome
Bile serves crucial functions in the digestion of food and removal of waste materials from the body. Bile is developed in the liver and saved in the gallbladder until food has actually been ingested. It is then launched into the small intestine to help in digestion of food and to emulsify the food so that it can be used properly by the body.
Bilious vomiting syndrome occurs when bile abnormally goes into the stomach from the intestine, triggering inflammation and vomiting. The presence of bile is indicated by a watery, yellow-green substance in the vomit contents. If vomiting does not occur and the bile remains in the stomach, the irritation to the stomach can result in stomach reflux.
Vomiting is generally seen in the morning or late night right before eating, particularly in dogs that are fed daily. This might be due to extended periods between meals, or to associated stomach inactivity, which worsens the bile reflux. This condition is typically seen in older dogs however can take place at any age. Both genders are equally impacted.
Dog Vomiting with Bile Symptoms and Types
- Chronic periodic vomiting consisting of bile
- Usually occurs in the morning or late night
- Abdominal discomfort
- Absence of hunger
- Weight loss
What Causes Dog Vomiting Bile?
- The specific cause is still unidentified
- Diseases triggering gastritis or inflammation of intestinal tract, modifying gastrointestinal motility
- It is presumed to be caused by stomach and intestinal tract reflux, which typically takes place when a dog’s stomach has stayed empty for a long period of time
How Is Dog’s Condition Identified?
You will need to give an extensive history of your dog’s health, a background history of symptoms, possible incidents that may have resulted in this condition, and current activities. As much as you can, you will have to inform your veterinarian when the symptoms started, and how frequently the vomiting takes place. Your veterinarian will then carry out a thorough physical examination on your dog, with a total blood profile, a chemical blood profile, a total blood count, and a urinalysis. A history of intermittent vomiting with bile contents is typically enough for an initial medical diagnosis. In the course of diagnosing this disease, lab testing is not of much help as the results are normally within normal varieties. Particular radiographic and ultrasound imaging research studies of the abdominal area might expose delayed stomach motility. Endoscopic examination frequently returns normal in these patients.
Treatment for Dog Vomiting Bile
If there is no severe underlying disease present, your doctor will choose a suitable line of treatment based upon the symptoms. Drugs to enhance stomach motility will be used to conquer delayed emptying of stomach, increase stomach and gut motility and therefore prevent reflux. Likewise, drugs that will reduce acid secretion in the stomach can be used to prevent damage to the stomach wall due to the increased acidic contents of the bile.
A lot of patients respond well to such treatment; the length of time your dog is going to need medication will depend upon its individual action. Some animals react quickly to the treatment, while others require a longer course of medication. If your dog is suffering chronic bilious vomiting, dietary management will be an essential element of treatment, typically involving feeding small, frequent meals, particularly late in the evening. Avoiding the stomach from being empty for long periods of time will assist to increase normal stomach motility. Diets low in fat and fiber content will also help the stomach to empty and lower stomach retention of food.
Your vet may also recommend canned or melted diets, which likewise can be valuable in such patients since solid food tend to stay longer in the stomach. The prognosis is excellent for most animals, as they normally react well to dietary modifications and medications.