Urinary incontinence takes place when a housetrained dog loses control of his bladder. This can range in severity from occasional small urine leakages to unintentional voiding of a large amount of urine.
What Causes Dog Incontinence?
- Hormonal imbalance
- Weak bladder sphincter
- Urinary tract infection
- Urinary stones
- Spine injury or degeneration (regularly seen in German shepherds).
- Protruding intervertebral disc.
- Prostate conditions.
- Presence of other diseases that cause extreme water intake, such as diabetes, kidney disease, hyperadrenocorticism.
- Genetic problems.
- Anatomic disorders.
- Particular medications.
Some dog owners fear that urinary incontinence is a natural result of aging and delay taking their dog to the vet. While numerous dogs do establish age-related issues, there are lots of other causes to think about too. Urinary incontinence is easily treated, and the medications are not costly, so the quicker you get your dog to the vet, the better.
What Are the General Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence in Dogs?
Dripping urine, which can aggravate the skin and cause soreness, is among the most identifiable symptoms of incontinence, as is extreme licking of the vulva or penis area. Family pet parents might also notice the area where the dog sleeps is polluted with urine.
What Should I Do If I Think My Dog Is Incontinent?
Seek advice from a veterinarian, who will verify the medical diagnosis and aim to determine a cause. The veterinarian will take a thorough history, carry out a physical exam and likely conduct a urinalysis to validate whether your dog is suffering from a bladder infection, which needs treatment with antibiotics. Other tests may consist of a urine culture, blood work, radiographs and ultrasound.
What Are Some Complications of Urinary Incontinence in Dogs?
Some bouts of urinary incontinence ebb and wane, however others can progress and cause more serious bladder and kidney infections. A skin infection might lead to areas that are in continuous contact with urine.
Are Certain Dogs Prone to Urinary Incontinence?
Although urinary incontinence can affect dogs of any age, type or gender, it is usually seen in middle-aged to older spayed females; cocker spaniels, springer spaniels, Doberman pinschers and Old English sheepdogs are among the breeds typically prone to incontinence.
How Is Urinary Incontinence Treated?
Treatment for incontinence will depend upon its underlying cause. Medications can frequently successfully handle this condition and prevent daily mishaps. Some treatments focus on hormonal agent therapy, while others, such as phenylpropanolamine, reinforce the urethral sphincter, which manages urine flow. Surgery likewise may be an alternative if medication alone does not work. Collagen injections, a newer therapy for incontinence, appear to have promising results.
In cases of incontinence due to bladder stones, a protruding disc or congenital irregularity, surgery might be advised.
How Can I Manage Urinary Incontinence?
- Pile clean blankets and towels in your dog’s favorite sleeping spot, or put waterproof pads under her bed linen to absorb any moisture.
- Take your dog for more regular walks, including first thing in the morning and quickly after she wakes from a nap.
- Consider utilizing doggie diapers, which are readily available at many pet stores.
- Please talk to your veterinarian before limiting your dog’s water intake.
- Provide proper hygiene to prevent any related skin infections.
- Always monitor your family pet’s condition, given that it can rapidly speed up to infection, specifically in senior dogs.