Dog and Eye Injury

eye injury in dogs

Any dog can injure the eye and even lose sight – both a street mongrel and a home-trained thoroughbred dog, which is cared for by the whole family.

What Is the Risk of Such Injury?

Dogs’ love of play and inherent curiosity makes them susceptible to scrapes and injuries from time to time. And even the most well-behaved dog can wind up with an eye injury. This can take place from rough play, chasing after small animals through the underbrush, or just digging in the garden.

As a dog owner, acquainting yourself with the different types of eye injuries helps you much better respond to one when or if the concern emerges.

Types Of Eye Injuries in Dogs

Typically the result of blunt injury, eye injuries are conditions that usually require instant veterinary care. Some eye injuries are thought about emergencies, especially if the loss of vision is a hazard.

Eye injuries range from mild to severe and can generally be diagnosed by your veterinarian with some simple tests. Common eye injuries include corneal laceration (cut or scratch to the eye surface), corneal ulcer (from chemicals, debris, or rubbing), leak injury (from any foreign things), eyelid trauma, or proptosis (when the eye pops out of its socket).


Various eye diseases can affect dogs. Ocular symptoms can develop even without an injury. Nevertheless, if your dog’s eye has an obvious injury on or around it, maybe accompanied by blood, it’s best you get it took a look at. Other symptoms of eye injuries include squinting, twitching or spasming of the eyelid, pawing at the eye area, blinking quickly, or extreme tearing. Some injuries may even affect your dog’s ability to open its eye entirely. A bloodshot look in the white of the eye might show injury or irritation. A yellow or greenish discharge can signal an infection.

Other kinds of eye problems can result in inflammation of the mucosal membrane surrounding the eye, cloudiness in the eyes, prolonged pupil dilation, an unbalanced look of the eyes, and light level of sensitivity. Signs might exist in one or both eyes, which can often validate if it’s an injury or another concern.

If you discover your dog experiencing any of these symptoms, seek veterinary attention as quickly as possible. Do not attempt home take care of eye issues unless recommended to do so by a professional. Given that eye issues can be much worse than they look– and can advance very rapidly — do not risk your dog’s vision or tolerance for pain.

First signs of eye injury in dogs: if you see your dog squinting, avoiding brilliant lights, and excessively blinking, examine her eyes. Tear production is likewise a frequent sign of issues, as is watery, green, or yellow discharge. At worst, the eye may even be out of its socket.

Causes of Dog’s Eye Injuries

An eye injury takes place when something enters contact with your dog’s eye and triggers damage. A dogfight or run-in with another animal, a feline’s claw swipe, or a kick from a horse can all quickly injure a dog’s eye. Lots of natural risks likewise trigger injuries to the eye. Tree branches, insect bites, and dirt scratches can harm or irritate the outer part of the eye. Dogs that hang their go out of the automobile window are at danger for debris blowing into their eyes, causing inflammation. Chemicals sprayed or spilled near your dog can trigger temporary level of sensitivity in the eyes. Sharp things like furniture corners, fence parts, fishhooks, and tools can likewise position a risk to the delicate tissue of the eyes and the surrounding area.

Itchy eyes due to allergies or a mild inflammation can result in eye injuries if your dog is pawing at the eyes or rubbing on something. If this habits continues, an ulcer or scratch can form on the cornea.

Immediate Care for Dog’s Eye Injury

If the eye is out of its socket, it must be treated as an emergency situation. Every minute is important if the dog’s sight is to be saved, so act quickly:

  • Do not try to put the eye back in its socket.
  • Cover the eye with a moist, tidy cloth and bandage it loosely to the head.
  • If you can do it rapidly, soak the cloth in warm, salty water or a supersaturated sugar service to help preserve the eye.
  • Get instant veterinary attention, keeping the dog as peaceful and calm as possible. Preferably, you need to go straight to a veterinary eye doctor– the majority of them keep emergency hours for this kind of circumstance.

If your dog is blinking or squinting excessively and avoiding bright lights, there is likely something in his eye:

  • Utilize a thumb to raise the upper eyelid and check for debris below.
  • Do the very same with the lower cover, utilizing the other hand.
  • If you can see something that needs removing, however which is not permeating the eye, flush it out with lukewarm water or utilize a damp cotton bud to alleviate it out.
  • If you can’t remove the things, bandage the eye and bring the dog to the vet. Do not delay.
  • If the things has penetrated the eye, bandage it immediately or fit the dog with an Elizabethan collar and take him to the veterinarian immediately. Again, the majority of them keep emergency situation hours for this kind of situation.

If the dog is squinting and tearing up excessively or has red eyes, it is usually indicative of a scratched eye. Look for foreign objects in the eye area. If nothing is found, follow these guidelines:

  • If you can see a scratch on the eye, cover it with a tidy, moist fabric.
  • Bandage the cloth to the head, utilize an Elizabethan collar, or bandage the dog’s dewclaws to prevent further damage.
  • Take her to the vet the exact same day.

If the dog’s eyelids are bruised or torn (normally from a battle or other injury):

  • Place a cold compress on the affected eye, to help lower swelling.
  • Keep the compress in place for 10 minutes.
  • Take her to the veterinarian the exact same day.

If the dog’s eye(s) has actually been exposed to chemicals, there might be burn damage:

  • Flush the eye with fresh water for a minimum of 10 minutes.
  • Refer to the chemical’s packaging to see what further treatment is recommended.
  • Bandage the eye to prevent additional damage and bring the dog to the veterinarian immediately.
  • Keep in mind to bring the chemical’s container or packaging with you. En route to the veterinarian, call toxin control so they are alerted and treatment can be initiated promptly.

If you see a watery discharge coming from the dog’s eye:

  • Look for things trapped in the eye (see # 2).
  • Flush the eye using lukewarm water, diluted cold tea, or a dog-specific eyewash.
  • If there is no indicator of a foreign things, look for veterinary recommendations. Your dog may have an allergy, abnormal eyelash growth, eyelid defects, or blocked tear ducts — all of which cause chronic tear production.

If you see green or yellow eye charge:

  • Flush the eye using warm water, diluted cold tea, or a dog-specific eyewash.
  • See your veterinarian within 24 hours, as it typically suggests an infection.
  • Look for other signs of health problem to assist medical diagnosis.

Treatment for Eye Injury in Dogs

If your dog has an eye injury, call your vet. Do not try to treat it at home without speaking first to the veterinarian’s workplace.

If advised to administer emergency treatment, a vet might suggest eliminating the eye or applying a cool compress. Upon suggestion, use a sterile saline eyewash service to flush out your dog’s eye. Do not use contact lens solution. Remember to be gentle! It is likely your dog is experiencing some degree of pain. Employ another relative to assist you hold your dog while you carefully take care of the eye. A bathroom flooring, tub, kitchen floor, or outdoor patio can work well. Choose an area that supplies you with simple access to your pet and can take a damp spill. Place smaller dogs up on a table, a counter, or even the sink to assist the ease of cleaning. Wrap a towel around the dog, hold the dog’s eye open with one hand, and apply a stream of eye wash with the other. Use a small towel or cloth to capture the saline streaming out of the eye.

After that, take your dog to the veterinarian. The vet will ask the details of the injury, followed by an assessment with several eye tests to examine tear production, look for ulcers or lacerations, and determine the intraocular pressure of the eye. Depending on the medical diagnosis, an easy treatment of eye medication and a follow-up test may be advised. However, severe injuries might need surgical treatment, and your veterinarian may need to refer you to a veterinary ophthalmologist. In severe cases, surgical extraction of the eye (enucleation) may need to be performed. Nevertheless, your veterinarian will do everything possible to save the eye. Do note, however, that some injuries may trigger irreversible loss of sight.

If your dog is sent home with eye medication, use it exactly as prescribed. If more than one eye medication is recommended, put drops in before using lotions. Make sure to wait about 5 minutes in between each eye medication. The majority of dogs with eye injuries will also need to wear an E-collar (the infamous cone) to prevent from pawing or rubbing at the eye. The collar will also help protect the eye from hazards around the home. The E-collar needs to be used at all times unless your veterinarian gives you exceptions.

Do not avoid or delay follow-up sees. Eye problems require close tracking and can deteriorate without you realizing it. If your dog’s eye looks even worse and it’s not yet time for a checkup, call your vet right now instead of waiting.


Mishaps happen, but you can take steps to keep your dog safe and prevent injury. Mingle your dog and take procedures to prevent dog battles to avoid pricey medical bills down the roadway. Teach your feline and dog to get along to decrease the possibility of a claw swipe. View your dog outdoors, particularly in areas with lots of underbrush. Do not permit your dog to stroll free. It’s likewise best to teach your dog not to hang its head out of the vehicle window while you’re driving (despite the fact that it’s fun). Always keep dangerous chemicals out of reach.

References and used sources

Reyus Mammadli
Having engineering and medical education, in recent years actively engaged in the study of the development, reproduction of domestic animals. Special attention is paid to the treatment and prevention of diseases of Pets. Author of several hundred articles about health and healthy lifestyle. In recent years, he has been treating Pets and birds together with specialists. In their articles on shares both his knowledge and experience, and, based on reliable sources, methods of primary diagnosis of diseases in Pets and General recommendations for their possible treatment. Of course, the articles are only informative. In each case, diagnosis and treatment should be carried out and prescribed by a qualified veterinarian.
Pet Health
Comments on 'eye injury in dogs'