Cluster Seizures in Dogs


Cluster seizures in dogs are the several seizures that a dog experiences in a short time period (such as in an interval of 24 hours). A dog showing cluster seizures is in a vital condition, as these seizures can be harmful. Seizures may be managed with medication, but their cause must be established to be able to treat the dog with suitable medication.

Causes of Cluster Seizures in Dogs

Cluster seizures may be an outcome of an issue in the brain, a growth that disrupts the communication between the parts of the brain or an absence of oxygen in the brain. Seizures may be caused by low glucose level in the blood (hypoglycemia) or a deficit of thyroid hormonal agent production (hypothyroidism). Poisoning can likewise cause episodes of seizures.

Seizures might also take place due to no evident causes; this is known as idiopathic epilepsy. When examining the dog, the vet will find that there is absolutely nothing incorrect with the dog, however the seizures will still occur. Some dog breeds are prone to seizures (border collies, cocker spaniels, dachshunds, German shepherds, fighters) and epilepsy might also be genetic. If the condition is genetic, it may be manifested when the dog is as young as 6 months old, or later on in life.

Some research has actually revealed that male canines are more vulnerable to cluster seizures.

Symptoms of Cluster Seizures

A seizure will be signaled by unexpected collapse, abnormal movement of limbs, excessive drooling, unmanageable jaw motion or incontinence. The dog will be unresponsive and will not be conscious; he will not have the ability to control his spasms. Seizures are very stressful, so the dog will rest a lot between seizures and have slower motions. He may even be incredible.

Detecting Seizures

When the dog has cluster seizures he will get a glucose test right away. The thyroid function will likewise be checked. The vet will likewise examine whether the dog has been poisoned. A CT scan or an MRI test will be performed to examine if there are any brain growths or lesions.

After Seizure Care

If your dog is having a seizure, you have to get rid of any unsafe or sharp things from the area. Make sure he is not close to stairs, as he might shake frantically and fall down them.

Dim the lights and make certain there are no loud noises in the room. Note down all the things your dog does and see if you can spot a trigger that may have caused the seizure. Put your dog to rest after the seizure is over. Typically, seizures don’t last more than 1 minute. Preferably, you should seek advice from the veterinarian immediately, but if you do not, make sure you keep in mind the frequency of the seizures.


Seizures may be avoided and controlled by administering anti-convulsive medication such as Phenobarbital, primidone, diazepam, phenytoin or potassium bromide. However, the reason for the cluster seizures must be developed.

The first aid for cluster seizures contains diazepam, Phenobarbital or propofol. The vet may likewise recommend fluid therapy.

Also read: Laryngeal Paralysis in Dogs: Symptoms and Treatments


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