Are Pain Medications for Dogs Safe?
Understanding that a dog is in pain is distressing. So it’s an understandable response to wish to do something– anything– to offer the dog pain relief as soon as possible.
However, as appealing as it might be to reach for a non-prescription pain medications such as ibuprofen, aspirin, or acetaminophen and give it to the household dog, you need to prevent them at all costs. Non-prescription pain meds (OTC medications) and human medications can be very harmful, even deadly, when used poorly in dogs. Dogs should not be provided Advil, aspirin, Tylenol, or other painkiller produced human consumption.
Are NSAIDs for Dogs Dangerous?
A few of the most typical non-prescription painkiller fall into the classification of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs). Common examples include aspirin, baby aspirin ibuprofen, and naproxen. They all work by inhibiting an enzyme called cyclooxygenase that is responsible for the production of prostaglandins that promote inflammation, fever, and pain.
But prostaglandins also play many other roles in the body, including maintaining appropriate blood flow to the kidneys, the production of a layer of mucus that safeguards the inner lining of the gastrointestinal tract from stomach acid, and normal blood clot. When these functions are reduced, dogs can establish vomiting and diarrhea (frequently bloody), intestinal problems, anorexia nervosa, bleeding disorders, kidney or liver dysfunction or failure. They might even die without appropriate treatment. It is not safe to give your dog any quantity of aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil), naproxen, or other anti-inflammatory implied for human beings.
Problems can occur with NSAID use in dogs for several reasons:
- Sometimes an owner will give (or a dog will get into) an inappropriately high dose of one or more of these drugs.
- Certain dogs are particularly conscious human NSAID brands and can establish unsafe side effects even when a right dose is offered.
- The concurrent use of other medications (e.g., corticosteroids) and/or the existence of particular health conditions (e.g., gastrointestinal, liver, or kidney disease) can make making use of NSAIDs for dogs more risky than normal.
NOTE: Cats are especially conscious the unfavorable effects of NSAIDs, but due to the fact that more dogs are exposed to these medications, a higher number of NSAID toxicity cases are reported in dogs in contrast to felines.
Can You Give Tylenol to a Dog?
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) presents a slightly various story. Acetaminophen is not an NSAID. Nobody is exactly sure how it works to reduce pain and fever (it has no effect on inflammation), but when dogs ingest harmful quantities of acetaminophen, it ruins their liver cells, harms the kidneys, and converts hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying molecule in blood, to methemoglobin resulting poor oxygen delivery throughout the body and tissue damage.
NOTE: Cats are so sensitive to the negative effects of acetaminophen that just one, routine strength tablet can result in death.
Painkiller Dosage for a Dog
For all the above factors, you need to not give NSAIDs, like aspirin and ibuprofen, or other pain relievers, such as Tylenol, to dogs or other family pets without the supervision of a vet. Drug business have created particular canine pain medication that are safer and more reliable than those that are developed for individuals. Examples of these modern-day pain reliever include carprofen, deracoxib, etodolac, and meloxicam.
With understanding of the specifics of a dog’s health history, your vet can make a proper diagnosis to identify which medication and dose is most proper for your dog and style a prepare for monitoring that will make treatment as safe as possible.
Other Ways to Help Your Dog
Proper medicine is not the only way to provide dog pain relief, however. Chronic inflammatory conditions such as basic arthritis frequently respond well to dietary adjustment. For example, foods that are supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids like eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) can reduce joint inflammation and the pain associated with it. Likewise, overweight dogs benefit considerably from a weight loss plan that includes both diet and workout.
Foods with a lower caloric density but typical amounts of protein can help dogs lose weight while maintaining muscle mass and strength. Reducing body fat and promoting lean body mass reduces stress on joints and inflammation throughout the body.
The combination of a great diet and weight loss will frequently decrease if not totally get rid of the requirement for pain meds for dogs struggling with chronic conditions like arthritis. More severe cases can likewise gain from physical therapy, acupuncture, cold laser treatments, and other interventions. Speak with your veterinarian to identify what combination of diet, workout, pain meds, and other treatments is right for your dog.