What Is Hematuria in Dogs?
Hematuria is a condition which causes blood to fall under the urine, and which might suggest a major underlying disease procedure. Familial hematuria (a condition where blood in the urine runs in particular families of animals) is generally linked in young dogs, while cancer is the typical cause in older dogs. Women are at higher risk for urinary tract infections that result in blood in the urine than are males.
Symptoms of Hematuria in Dogs
Symptoms of hematuria include blood in the urine, a sign in itself. Red-tinged urine, with or without abnormal regular passage of urine will be evident. In patients with cancer, a mass may be palpated during physical exam. In male dogs an enlarged and/or painful prostate gland might be felt during physical examination, and abdominal pain will appear in some patients.
Patients with a blood-clotting condition may present with subdermal skin hemorrhages, conditions known as petechiae and ecchymoses, which appear as contusions. These discolored spots will be indicated by round, purple, non-raised spots on the skin.
Causes of Blood in the Urine in Dogs
- Systemic causes are normally due to coagulopathy (clotting).
- Low number of platelets or thrombocytes in the blood (a condition known as thrombocytopenia).
- Diseases of the upper urinary tract are triggered by inflammation of the capillary (called vasculitis).
- Upper urinary tract– the kidneys and ureters:
- Structural or anatomic disease, such as cystic kidney disease and familial kidney disease.
- Metabolic illness, such as kidney stones.
- Contagious diseases.
- Idiopathic causes.
- In the lower urinary tract:
- Contagious disease.
- Inflammatory disease in the kidney.
- Unknown cause.
- Lower Urinary Tract bladder and urethra:
- Structural or structural problems such as bladder malformations are linked in inducing hematuria.
- Metabolic causes, such as stones, are possible.
- Transmittable disease (such as bacterial, fungal, and viral disease):
- Idiopathic causes.
- Chemotherapy can generate hematuria.
- Unknown cause.
- Issues including the genitalia consist of metabolic conditions:
- Heat cycle, or estrus.
- Cancer or tumors.
- Iinfectious disease such as from bacteria and fungus.
- Inflammatory disease.
You will need to offer a thorough history of your dog’s health, including a background history of symptoms, and possible incidents that may have precipitated this condition. The history you supply might offer your vet ideas as to which organs are causing secondary symptoms. Your veterinarian will carry out a comprehensive physical examination on your dog, with a total blood profile, consisting of a chemical blood profile, a complete blood count, and a urinalysis. In male dogs, assessment of a climax sample will assist to determine prostatic disease.
Differential diagnoses for blood-tinged urine will include other causes for stained urine. The typical urine reagent strip tests for blood are designed to find red blood cells, hemoglobin, or protein. Diet will also be considered. If you are supplementing your dog’s diet with vitamins or anything various from a routine kibble diet, you will need to share this with your veterinarian, because considerable doses of vitamin C (ascorbic aid) may cause false-negative reagent test strip results.
Ultrasonography, radiography, and contrast radiography might work in obtaining a diagnosis. If any mass lesions are indicated, a biopsy might be necessary for a conclusive diagnosis. A vaginoscopy in female dogs, or a cystoscopy in male dogs will eliminate neoplasia and lower urinary tract issues.
Treatment for Blood in Urine in Dogs
Treatment of the hematuria will be dependent on the primary or associated illness that are the underlying cause for the condition. Urinary tract infection may be related to another disease including the urinary tract, such as cancer, or urinary tract stones (urolithiasis). Or, hematuria may be caused by a condition that involves the body in basic, such as with an extreme production of steroids by the adrenal glands, or diabetes. A systemic generalized condition will have to be treated before the hematuria can be resolved.
Surgery might be suggested for cases with urinary tract stones, neoplasia, and terrible injuries to the urinary tract. Blood transfusions might be essential if your dog has a severely low red cell count. Fluids will be used to treat dehydration, and antibiotics can be used to treat urinary tract infection and generalized illness due to bacteria in the blood (bacteremia). Urolithiasis and kidney failure may need diet adjustment leading avoid relapse.
If your dog is struggling with a thickening condition, the blood thinner Heparin might be used to bring it under control.
Living and Management
Due to the fact that hematuria might suggest a severe underlying disease process, continuous treatment will depend on the main or involved diseases that relate to it.