Diet plays an important role in the management of feline diabetes. In truth, with the right diet and medication, it is highly likely that felines newly identified with diabetes will achieve diabetic remission– implying they will end up being non-diabetic and not need insulin therapy. This is most common within the first four to six months after medical diagnosis and organization of appropriate diet and insulin therapy.
What Is the Best Food for a Diabetic Cat?
Felines hold true obligate predators and as such have a very high protein requirement and a nearly nonexistent carbohydrate requirement.
Cats are created to consume foods that are high in protein, moderate in fat and extremely low in carbohydrates. The following structure is ideal:
- HALF (or higher) of calories from animal-based protein
- 20-45 percent of calories from fat
- 1-2 percent of calories from carbs
- Rich in water (approximately 70 percent by weight).
When describing business cat food, this perfect composition will only be found in canned cat food formulas. The majority of dry foods are not low enough in carbs. Additionally, dry foods typically consist of plant-based protein and are too low in total protein to satisfy a feline’s high protein requirement. For that reason, dry foods are not typically advised for diabetic cats.
It is well established that the ideal feline diet– specifically to accomplish diabetic remission– is a canned high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet.
What Is a Low-Carb Diet for Diabetic Cat?
A low-carbohydrate diet is one that provides less than 10 percent of the total calories as carbohydrates.
Some felines will have adequate control of their diabetes on higher-carbohydrate diets, while others might require more restriction to 5 percent of the calories as carbs. In general, the lower the carbs the better for outstanding diabetic policy.
Regrettably, carbohydrate information is not easily available on cat food packaging. The surefire analysis on most packaging contains really restricted information, most of which is unhelpful to cat owners. Feline owners can contact pet food companies for more detailed details on the carbohydrate material of readily available diets. It is necessary to request the carbs be revealed as a percent of metabolizable energy (percent ME). This offers you the real percent of calories coming from carbohydrates. It is best to select a food with less than 10 percent of calories (10 percent ME) coming from carbohydrates.
Are Prescription Diets Necessary?
Lots of vets suggest prescription diabetic foods. Although numerous cats succeed on these foods, a few of these foods are developed with more than the suggested 10 percent ME carbohydrates and might not be perfect in every situation nor the best diet to accomplish diabetic remission. In addition, some customers can not manage the additional monthly monetary dedication that includes a prescription diet.
The good news is that prescription diets are not needed to successfully regulate a diabetic feline. Numerous top quality business feline foods are made with less than 10 percent ME carbohydrates and are appropriate for diabetic management. You should deal with your veterinarian to determine your cat’s best dietary solution.
Beginning a New Food for Diabetic Cat
Although you and your vet might choose an appropriate diet for your cat, a food must be palatable to your cat in order to achieve success. Diabetic felines need to not miss out on meals, and they must consistently eat the same type and quantity of food every day for the best possible guideline. If your cat does not appear to like a new food, another choice will be needed. If your feline has actually constantly eaten dry food, a transition to canned food can be tough, however it can be done. There are a number of resources offered to assist with this transition.
Weight-loss and Diabetic Remission in Cats
The calorie requirements of your feline are the next priority in effective diabetic management. Weight problems is one of the most common feline health dangers and is a significant risk factor for the advancement of diabetes in felines. Your veterinarian will help you determine your feline’s perfect body weight and estimate how many calories he should eat each day in order to drop weight gradually and securely.
Cats are unique because lots of revert to a non-diabetic state after switching to a proper diet and beginning insulin treatment. If you are not monitoring blood or urine glucose levels routinely, remission can go unnoticed and deadly hypoglycemia may happen. Talk to your vet about the best time and way to monitor for remission in your cat.