Dogs with food allergic reactions are generally adverse proteins, which originate from animal or plant-based ingredients of the diet. The proteins are broken down into molecules that the body immune system misidentifies as a possible risk. Beef, dairy, wheat, and chicken are the most typical offenders of food allergies in dogs. Let’s talk about the issue in details to avoid mistakes.
Hypoallergenic dog foods normally share one of three basic dietary designs:
- Minimal ingredient diets
- Unique component diets
- Prescription or veterinary diets
First, since they contain fewer parts, limited component dog foods can make it simpler to select the particular allergen to which a pet might be allergic.
Next, novel component dog foods consist of parts the animal may not have been formerly exposed to– so, therefore, less likely to be sensitive to. These foods include obscure active ingredients — like buffalo, pheasant, kangaroo or millet. And finally, prescription or veterinary dog foods are diets that have been designed to consist of hypoallergenic active ingredients. And as the names recommend, these products are typically prescribed and offered by veterinarians.
Best Dog Food for Dogs With Allergies
The following veterinary dog foods are marketed as hypoallergenic. However, readers are encouraged to seek advice from a veterinarian prior to feeding these items.
- Royal Canin Veterinary Diets Selected Protein (Dry).
- Purina Pro Plan Veterinary Diets HA (Dry).
- Hill’s Prescription Diet Z/D Canine (Canned).
- Hill’s Prescription Diet Z/D Canine (Dry).
- Hill’s Prescription Diet D/D Canine (Dry).
Suggested Limited Ingredient Dog Foods
The following minimal component dog foods might be helpful in finding specific allergens. However, these items are listed here only because of claims made by each manufacturer.
- Acana Singles Dog Food|Canada (Dry).
- Rachael Ray Nutrish Just 6 (Dry).
- FirstMate Limited Ingredient (Canned).
- Wellness Simple Limited Ingredient (Dry).
- Just Nourish Limited Ingredient Diet (Dry).
- Progress Dog Food (Dry).
- Natural Balance Limited Ingredient Diets (Canned).
- Acana Singles Dog Food|USA (Dry).
- 4Health Untamed Dog Food (Dry).
- Natural Balance Limited Ingredient Diets (Dry).
- California Natural Grain Free Limited Ingredient (Dry).
- Blue Buffalo Basics Grain Free (Canned).
- Koha Limited Ingredient Diets (Canned).
- Earthborn Holistic Venture Limited Ingredient Diets (Dry).
- Merrick Limited Ingredient Diet Grain Free (Dry).
- Nutro Limited Ingredient Diets (Dry).
- Wellness Simple (Canned).
- RAWZ Limited Recipe (Dry).
- Natural Balance Limited Ingredient Diets High Protein (Dry).
- Nature’s Variety Instinct Limited Ingredient Diet (Canned).
- Artemis Osopure Grain Free Limited Ingredient Formula (Dry).
- Pet-Tao Harmony Dog Food (Canned).
- Canine Caviar Limited Ingredient (Dry).
- Nature’s Variety Instinct Limited Ingredient Diet (Dry).
- Nutro Limited Ingredient Diet (Canned).
Most Common Canine Allergens
Most hypoallergenic dog foods are developed to avoid the use of active ingredients probably to provoke an allergic reaction. Inning accordance with online pet food retailer, the most typical canine food irritants consist of:
Surprisingly, dogs aren’t naturally allergic to much of these products. It’s just that these are the active ingredients most commonly used in dog food recipes.
So, they’re merely the ones dogs are most regularly exposed to.
And sometimes, it’s not even the components that are the issue. Dogs can also dislike what’s in the active ingredients, too.
Why Food May Not Be the Cause of Your Dog’s Allergies
Contrary to popular belief, food isn’t really the primary cause of a canine allergic reactions.
Food allergic reactions represent just 10% of all canine allergies. They’re only the 3rd most common cause– ranked well behind fleas and atopic (non-contact) allergies.
Yet food is the first to be blamed whenever a dog reveals any sign of an allergy — like itchy skin.
And that asks the concern: Is it actually an allergy in the first location?
Food Allergy or Food Intolerance?
Food allergies and food intolerances are thought about two various issues.
A food allergy happens when a dog’s body immune system wrongly determines a particular food ingredient as harmful. And after that creates protective antibodies to fight the getting into enemy (the food).
A food intolerance is a digestion problem rather than an immune response. An intolerance happens when a dog’s digestive system is not able to digest a specific component.
For example, lactose intolerance is a common condition where a dog is not able to break down lactose (a sugar found in milk).
Different Conditions with Different Symptoms
The symptoms of an allergy can consist of skin rash, hives, itching, paw biting, compulsive licking and often nausea or vomiting.
The signs of food intolerance consist of (mainly) digestive distress, gas, bloating, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.
Again, let’s use milk as an example …
A milk intolerance would look more like stomach distress. This can consist of symptoms like gas, bloating or diarrhea.
Nevertheless, a true milk allergy would produce an immune response (for example, itching or a rash).
The Bottom Line
If you think your pet is suffering from a food intolerance or a food allergy, you might want to think about feeding a business dog food that’s been specifically created to help manage these concerns.
At the end of this post, you’ll find two lists– one includes a group of hypoallergenic dog foods prescribed by veterinarians and another using restricted component recipes.
These lists should not be considered a complete catalog of all hypoallergenic foods offered.
In reality, if you know of a specific dog food you believe we need to have consisted of on these lists, please feel free to share your ideas in the Comments section below.
Or if you’re searching for some suggestions yourself, make certain to look through our readers’ remarks below to find some great ideas.